Yemen: ‘Light at the end of tunnel’ as first nationwide ceasefire continues in six years TOU

Yemen: ‘Light at the end of tunnel’ as first nationwide ceasefire continues in six years

 TOU

Yemen: ‘Light at the end of tunnel’ as first nationwide ceasefire continues in six years

The first nationwide ceasefire in six years coincides with the start of the holy month of Ramadan and includes provisions to improve the freedom of movement of citizens and goods in the war-torn Arab nation.

‘Turn to Peace’

The UN ambassador saw the move as a “moment” of relief and prospect for peace to follow.

He noted the need for “continued commitment” from the Saudi-led coalition, which supports the internationally recognized government, the Houthi opposition forces, the region and the international community, to ensure that it has a “turning point towards peace”. Is. ”

But since the ceasefire began April 4, He pointed to “encouraging signs”, such as a significant reduction in violence and civilian casualties; There are no confirmed air strikes; More fuel flows from the ports of the Hudaydah region; And preparations for commercial flights from Sana’a Airport – controlled by Houthis – for the first time since 2016.

Addressing concerns

However, reports of military action around Marib must be addressed by the armistice method – or the risk of setting the stage for a new advance.

“I want to remind the parties that the basic principle of a ceasefire is that the relief it offers should be used to make progress towards ending the war, not to increase it,” Mr Grundberg said.

The parties have publicly committed to de-escalation, and this is what the Yemeni people and the international community expect from them.

The benefits of the contract

The easing of restrictions on the movement of goods and civilians is a priority for a ceasefire.

“Flights need to resume at and from Sana’a airport and we are working with partners to make this happen as soon as possible,” the UN ambassador said.

Another priority is the agreement to open roads in the highly competitive Taiz.

Serious work is required to open the roads in TaizIt allows citizens on both sides of the aisle to go to work and school and facilitates trade. ”

‘Delicate’ armistice

He hailed the ceasefire as a result of the parties’ commitment to ending the war and the “long and tireless efforts” of Yemeni civilian artists, youth groups and women’s peace activists.It is still fragile and temporary

“We need to work collectively and intensively … to ensure that it is not resolved,” the UN official said, pledging to continue engaging the parties to implement, strengthen and expand it.

He explained that during his recent visit to the Huthi-held capital Muscat and Sana’a, he had received a “reaffirmed commitment to all aspects of the implementation of the ceasefire” while discussing further steps to strengthen and expand it.

‘Pivot’ towards peace

The fragile agreement “offers a rare opportunity to focus on a peaceful futureMr Grundberg described the coming weeks as “a test of the parties’ commitment to fulfill their responsibilities and to build trust and confidence.”

Yemen will always need the support of the international community to find an inclusive, peaceful and lasting end to the conflict.

“I will need your double effort and support during this critical period,” he said.

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UN Photo / Eskinder Debebe

Security Council meeting on the situation in Yemen

Hope for tomorrow

UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Martin Griffiths said the latest developments were helping to “pave the way” for a brighter future.

Fewer civilian casualties, more fuel tankers arriving in Hudaydah and a ceasefire are all positive steps.He said.

He further mentioned the recently announced સહાય 3 billion economic aid package, which includes fuel and development assistance as well as a new $ 2 billion deposit in Yemen’s central bank – jointly provided by Saudi Arabia and the UAE – to help stabilize the currency. Is.

A senior UN official explained, “Already, the rial has recovered 25 percent of its value since the announcement.”

This means that foodstuffs and other essentials – almost all of which must be imported – will soon become cheaper.

Secure Update

Efforts are also underway to address the threat posed by FSO protected, Which has penetrated the Red Sea off the coast of Yemen since 2015.

Mr Griffiths, who is also the head of humanitarian affairs, made it clear that if about $ 80 million could be raised, a new UN proposal could be implemented in May to temporarily ship oil before shifting it from an unmanned tanker. Secure.

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Security Council meeting on the situation in Yemen
UN Photo / Eskinder Debebe

Security Council meeting on the situation in Yemen

Millions struggle to survive

Meanwhile, Humanitarian aid is needed today to keep millions alive.

The UN humanitarian chief said aid agencies were seeking $ 4.3 billion to help 17.3 million people across the country this year.

He noted that while 1.3 billion had been raised in the March 16 event – well below what was requested – there was an urgent need.

“Funding remains the biggest challenge,” Mr Griffiths insisted, adding that food, water, healthcare and support for displaced people will continue to decline and, ultimately, will be cut off if they do not receive the funding they need.

Allowing aid operations to collapse will directly counteract the positive momentum we are seeing in the broader efforts to resolve the Yemeni crisis.

In addition to funding

The aid coordinator said that despite assistance limitations, including access challenges and intervention efforts, some improvements have been made.

He pointed to a new agreement with local security forces on the West Bank facilitating humanitarian movement through the Dhubab checkpoint, described it as a “long-term objective” and analyzed 2022 humanitarian needs based on new data collected from 333 districts across the country. Country

Mr Griffiths added, “We also appreciate the close collaboration with donors and other stakeholders on access issues, which is a top priority.”

Detention of humanitarians

The humanitarian chief recalled that five months after the Houthi authorities detained two UN staff in Sanaa, they were in custody.

And five other staff members abducted in February by armed men in Abyssinia have been held captive for more than 60 days.

“Such incidents are completely unacceptable, and staff should be relieved,” he insisted.

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