Severe hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa, serious risk to the lives of malnourished children TOU

Severe hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa, serious risk to the lives of malnourished children
 TOU

Severe hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa, serious risk to the lives of malnourished children

United Nations Children’s Fund Expressed deep concern over the widespread malnutrition in the Greater Horn of Africa region, including Somalia.

UN agency officials met parents who had to walk hundreds of kilometers to seek medical help, who were forced to bury their vulnerable children by the roadside.

The situation in the East Africa region has become very serious due to the lack of rain during the four consecutive years of weather, and this situation has not been observed for at least the last 40 years.

Due to the current crisis, 3 lakh 86 thousand children in Somalia alone need immediate life-saving treatment for severe malnutrition.

Worst case scenario

Rania Dagash, UNICEF’s Deputy Director for East and South Africa, stated that the war in Ukraine has increased the risk to children’s lives in the Horn of Africa.

“I think it’s important to underline this, since Somalia alone has been importing 92 percent of its wheat from Russia and Ukraine alone, but now the supply route is blocked.”

The repeated failure of the rainy season and the war in Ukraine have had a direct impact on global supply chains.

In these circumstances, the cost of food provided by UNICEF for the treatment of malnourished children is also likely to increase by 16 percent within the next six months.

In light of this, according to UNICEF, the Horn of Africa region alone will require an additional करोड़ 12 million in funding.

Focus on endurance building

UN humanitarian workers have called on the international community to provide emergency assistance, as well as to invest resources in tolerance-building measures.

He says it will help protect people’s livelihoods and prevent them from leaving their homes in search of food, water and health care.

A UNICEF official told reporters in Geneva from Nairobi that the number of children suffering from severe malnutrition had increased by 15 per cent in the last five months.

More than 1.7 million children in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia need immediate treatment.

According to the latest analysis of ‘Integrated Food Security Phase Classification’, 7.1 million people in Somalia are facing food crisis or worse.

Of these, 2.1 million people are suffering from acute levels of starvation, which is the cause of severe malnutrition and increasing deaths among children and adults. More than two lakh people are at risk of food insecurity and starvation.

The latest meteorological forecasts do not indicate any improvement in the situation, as rains are also expected to fail during the months of October to December.

Under these circumstances, the problem of crop failure, death of cattle and drying up of water sources will become more serious.

Crisis on cattle

Food and Agriculture Organization According to the FAO, about 3 million cattle have died due to drought, disease since mid-2021.

Due to the effect of drought on cattle, milk and meat production has decreased and malnutrition has deepened, especially in children.

UNICEF states that from February to May this year, the number of households living without access to clean and safe water has increased from 5.6 million to over one million.

The UN and partner organizations have dug deep wells to help local communities, and in some cases up to two kilometers.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says that the necessary support for survival and livelihood has not yet been fully achieved.

Against this backdrop, millions of Somalis are at real risk of starvation and death.

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