Responsibility and justice are important in combating sexual violence in conflict situations. TOU

Responsibility and justice are important in combating sexual violence in conflict situations.


Responsibility and justice are important in combating sexual violence in conflict situations.

Pramil Payton on sexual violence in conflict situations UN Secretary General U.S. Special Representative, and she is working to prevent its use as a weapon of rape in war.

Special Representative Pramila Pattan on Wednesday addressed a high-level discussion in the Security Council on the issue of ensuring justice for victims of sexual violence and strengthening accountability as a tool to prevent such violence in the future.

The oldest crime of war

Pramil Pat reminded that the Security Council has passed 10 resolutions on women, peace and security, five of which focus on preventing and combating conflict-related sexual violence.

She questioned what the declarations meant for women in the northern region of Tiger in Ukraine, Afghanistan, Myanmar or Ethiopia at the moment.

“Each new wave of war brings with it an ever-increasing spate of human tragedies, including the oldest, quietest and least heinous crimes of war,” he said.

Worrying growth

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UN Photo / Loy Felipe

On sexual violence in conflict situations, UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative Pramila Payton addresses a meeting of the Security Council on Women and Peace and Security.

In her report, Pramila Pete has provided information on some of the horrific cases of rape and human rights violations, including the trend of liberation.

The report takes stock of the status of 18 countries and contains information on 3,293 cases confirmed by the UN in the year 2021. This number is 800 more than the year 2020, which shows a significant increase.

In most of these cases women and girls were targeted, i.e. 97 per cent, while men and boys were targeted in 83 cases, mainly in prisons. LGBTQI individuals were targeted in 12 cases.

Legal action, required for prevention

Pramila Pete pointed out how legal action, as a means of prevention, is extremely important as it can help in the practice of remission and intimidation for these crimes.

“While emancipation liberalizes violence, justice reinforces global standards,” he said. It is time to move on to accountability and ensure that today’s documents become tomorrow’s case.

Justice and responsibility

Nobel laureate Nadia Murad is one of thousands of women from the Yazidi community in northern Iraq who were sold into sex slavery and raped in 2014 by Daesh (ISIL) terrorists.

Nadia Murad said that eight years later, about 2,800 women and children are still under the control of the terrorist group – Daesh.

He told the Security Council that ensuring justice was the most visible form of accountability. He also mentioned the historic case of Daesh Fighter, who was convicted of genocide by a German court last year. He also expressed the expectation of further action from the international community.

Action, not mercy

Nadia Murad said, “As victims of sexual violence, it is not easy for us to describe our ordeal. But we do this to prevent this from happening to others.”
Nadia Murad is also a Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Prevention (UNODC).

“We are all said to be very brave, but the true courage to take concrete action must be seen in the leaders, whether they are heads of state, member states of the United Nations or corporate individuals,” he said. We need action, not moral oppression.

Nadia Murad also requested that Daesh’s case be referred to the International Criminal Court or that a mixed court be set up to try the group’s crimes.

He urged other countries to learn from the example of Germany.

‘Murad Code’

Nadia Murad, during a debate in the Security Council, also announced the launch of a new program to collect evidence of war rape. Its name is ‘Murad Code’.

The Murad Code contains a bundle of guidelines for journalists, investigators and other parties who investigate and document side, conflict and war-related sexual violence.
The Murad Code guideline, he said, contains the views of victims of sexual violence around the world and aims to promote greater dignity, understanding, transparency and healing in Ghana.

The Murad Code has been developed with the help of UK funding. Britain is also chairing the Security Council for the month of April.

UK Deputy Minister Lord Tariq Ahmed chaired the discussion at the Security Council. He also called for making the Murad Code a “gold standard” for non-governmental organizations (NGOs), government agencies and human rights groups.

He said, “In any investigation, focusing fully on the victims and the victims is not the only option. Everyone should do this everywhere. ”

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