Emergency: The Black Chapter of Indian Politics TOU

Emergency: The Black Chapter of Indian Politics

Emergency: The Black Chapter of Indian Politics

Since the judgment of Justice Allahabad High Court, Jagmohan Lal Sinha, political developments have changed so fast that only 13 days later, a state of emergency was declared in India. Indira Gandhi preferred to strangle democracy in this country instead of resigning on moral grounds. After discussions with his legal advisers, he declared a state of emergency on June 25, 1975.

Emergency is such a turning point in the politics of this country from where the axis of Indian politics has changed. In other words, pre-emergency and post-emergency politics can be divided into two parts. After the imposition of emergency, Indira Gandhi was constantly running a cycle of repression. Leaders like Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani were put in jail. But after the Emergency, all these people emerged on the stage of Indian politics as great leaders. The Emergency drew a line between the Congress and other parties which has not been erased till date.

When Inder Kumar Gujral became the Prime Minister, the Congress was supporting his government from outside. Gujral talked to Parkash Singh Badal and tried to get him to join him. Inder Kumar Gujral said in the Lok Sabha that “I wanted Parkash Singh Badal to come with us but he said that we have come to fight against the emergency and you are running the government with the support of the Congress so we will not come with you. Can. ” It is worth noting that even after so much time has passed, the leaders of other political parties have not been able to forget that act of the Congress.

The emergency was sown by a lawsuit. In the year 1971, Raj Narayan had contested the Rae Bareli Lok Sabha seat against Indira Gandhi. After losing the election to Indira Gandhi, Raj Narayan had filed a petition in the Allahabad High Court that Indira Gandhi had won the election by abusing the government machinery. These should be canceled. The case was heard in the Allahabad High Court by Justice Jagmohan Lal Sinha. Justice Sinha accepted the petition on June 12, 1975 and canceled the election of Indira Gandhi.

In a hurry, Indira Gandhi challenged the decision of the Allahabad High Court in the Supreme Court. Indira Gandhi wanted the Supreme Court to immediately pass a stay order on that decision but it did not happen. The Supreme Court granted a stay order but it was a partial stay order. On June 24, 1975, the Supreme Court said in its order that “Indira Gandhi can come to the House as the Prime Minister but she will not have the right to vote as a Member of Lok Sabha.”

The bet was reversed as Indira wanted. It was just the opposite. Angered by this, Indira Gandhi held discussions with many other law experts, including Siddharth Shankar Ray, on June 25, 1975, at around 3.30 pm. After the discussion, Indira Gandhi decided to impose emergency by strangling democracy. The state of emergency was declared on the night of June 25 with the signature of the then President Fakhruddin Ali. The next day, on June 26, 1975, it was formally announced on the radio.


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