East Africa: Millions Displaced, Amid Rising Hunger, ‘Unprecedented Needs’
Despite efforts to expand resources through priority schemes, agencies continue to prioritize food assistance for the most vulnerable families. He said something In a press release, while the gap between resourcing and needs, the number of refugees in need of support has increased.
The number of refugees in East Africa has almost tripled in the last decade 1.82 million in 2012 which is about five million today Last year alone, 300,000 new refugees were added.
The increase in the number of refugees does not match the increase in resources, forcing WFP to make difficult decisions about who gets food aid and who goes without it. More than 70 per cent of the needy refugees do not receive full rations due to lack of funds.
“Refugees and internally displaced people are at the center of food ration cuts, which is a catastrophic situation for millions of people displaced from their homes and often rely on aid to survive,” said Clementine Naqweta-Salami, for the East. UNHCR Regional Bureau Director. , Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes.
“More and more children under the age of five are experiencing high levels of stunting and wasting because they lack nutrients for growth and development.”
The regional director added, “Families do not know where their next meal will come from and they are taking heavy debt, selling what they can, or sending their children to work,” the regional director added. “The risk of domestic violence is increasing. It is also important that their food needs are adequately addressed to keep people out of harm’s way and protect them from serious security risks. ”
The sharp rise in food and fuel costs and the displacement caused by the conflict are being exacerbated by the deteriorating climate crisis.
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© UNHCR / Adelina Gomez Montague
Severe climate shocks
Globally, floods and droughts are becoming more frequent and severe, affecting countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan, and exacerbating food insecurity.
“The unfortunate reality is that East Africa is facing a year of unprecedented humanitarian needs, due to severe climate shocks, ongoing conflict and instability, and rising food and fuel prices,” said Michael Dunford, WFP’s regional director for East Africa.
“The growth in needs here reflects what is happening around the world And we urge the world not to turn its back on the region, and especially the extremely vulnerable refugee communities who have limited access to livelihoods and rely on WFP to survive. ”
Food insecurity is on the rise in South Sudan
There is food insecurity The whole of South Sudan is expected to rise by seven per cent In the coming months, humanitarians renewed their call for more humanitarian and livelihood assistance to prevent hunger and increase resilience, according to a new UN report on food security released on Wednesday, compared to last year.
The cocktail of factors driving the deteriorating trend in food security for the whole of East Africa will leave 7.74 million people (62.7 per cent of the population) across the country who are facing IPC Phase 3 levels, or worse, severe food insecurity during this period. Lean season between April and July, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis.
The worst-affected states are Jonglei, Unity, Upper Nile, Lakes, Eastern Equatoria (Capoeta East) and Warep – more than 80 percent of which are food insecure.
UN Food Agency, FAOUN Children’s Agency, UNICEFAnd WFP warns that there is an urgent need for more humanitarian assistance and livelihood assistance to save lives and prevent a collapse of livelihoods in the most affected areas throughout South Sudan.