Concerns about the bleak future for millions of refugees in East Africa
This has had a profound effect on Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan, and has exacerbated food insecurity.
In the present circumstances, efforts have been made to identify the needy on a priority basis in relief schemes.
In this order, food aid is delivered only to the most vulnerable people, but the gap between available resources and needs is widening due to the need for large numbers of refugees.
The number of refugees in East Africa has tripled in the last decade – from about 1.8 million in 2012, to close to 5 million now.
Three million people have become refugees in the last one year, but the number of refugees has not increased in the resources available for humanitarian relief.
Michael Dunford, WFP’s regional director for East Africa, said: “The unfortunate reality is that East Africa has been facing unprecedented humanitarian needs for over a year, due to climate change, ongoing violent conflict and instability, and rising food and fuel prices.”
He said the increase in demand seen here reflects the current situation around the world and therefore urges the world not to look away from the region.
Especially for the most vulnerable refugee communities, who have limited access to livelihoods and need to survive World Food Program Have to depend on
Rapid rise in food and fuel prices, displacement due to violent conflict, as well as climate crisis are exacerbating the challenge.
Because of this, the World Food Program (WFP) has been forced to make a very difficult decision – who should be provided food aid and who should be excluded.
It is said that at present more than 70 per cent of the needy refugees are not getting full ration due to lack of aid funds.
Clementine Nequeta-Salami, the UN refugee agency’s regional bureau director for the East, Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region, said: The already dire situation for the people living there is becoming more complicated. ”
He said that more than ever before, children under the age of five are facing high levels of stunting and are unable to fully develop due to lack of nutrients for proper development.
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© UNHCR / Adelina Gomez Montague
The UN agency official said families do not know where their next food will come from, and they are taking loans, selling what they have or sending their children to work.
“The risk of domestic violence is increasing. To protect people from harm and protection risks, it is also important that their food needs are properly met.
According to the World Food Program, એ 2.26.5 million will be needed to ensure full rations for refugees in East Africa from April to September 2022.
Despite the current challenges, relief is unlikely in 2022, as humanitarian needs have risen sharply due to the war in Ukraine, food prices are at record levels and food supplies are expected to be affected.
UN agencies have warned that refugees are in a population that will experience the effects of rising prices first, and this is happening at a time when these communities Covid-19 Recovering from two difficult epidemic years.