Afghanistan: Talks with Taliban, ‘Only Way Forward’
Afghanistan: Talks with Taliban, ‘Only Way Forward’
The ambassadors of the member countries to the Security Council observed a minute of silence in memory of the victims of the June 22 earthquake in Afghanistan.
He was then briefed by Ramiz Alkabroff, Special Deputy Representative of the UN Mission in the Country, and Martin Griffiths, Under-Secretary-General of the Office of the Coordinator for Humanitarian Relief.
According to Ramiz Alkaborov, 800 people have so far been confirmed dead and more than 4,000 injured in the quake in the country.
The Special Deputy Representative said that despite the current difficult situation, the only way forward and for regional and international security is the strategy of maintaining mutual contact and dialogue.
Special Deputy Representative Alkaborov expressed deep concern over the human rights situation in Afghanistan.
Despite the adoption of the amnesty and assurances that it would be respected by Taliban leaders, the UN mission continues to receive credible reports of killings, ill-treatment and human rights abuses of people associated with the previous government.
At the same time, there have been reports of human rights violations by people accused of having links with the National Resistance Front and the Isil-KP terrorist group.
Restrictions targeting women and girls, such as restrictions on girls’ secondary education, and government cover-ups have also been imposed.
According to a senior UN official, the impact of these policies on the economy is huge, while the psychosocial cost of denying education cannot be calculated.
Economic hardships persist
The biggest issue facing Afghanistan right now is the economic crisis, which is a major cause of violent conflict and poverty.
According to one estimate, the country’s economy has shrunk by 40 percent since August this year, and unemployment could rise from 13 percent to 40 percent. The official poverty rate is expected to be 97 percent.
Special Deputy Representative Alkabroof warned that if the economy did not recover, and move forward in a meaningful and sustainable manner, the Afghan people would face repeated humanitarian crises.
Afghanistan is extremely sensitive to climate and geopolitical risks. Droughts, floods, the spread of diseases are affecting the public and livestock and natural disasters like earthquakes are deepening the disparities.
He emphasized that rural areas must be given priority and focus on agriculture and food systems to curb hunger. This will help in reducing child labor, improving health conditions and creating an environment for social development and change.
Distance from insecurity and political participation
In parallel, Ramez Alkabroff said that attention should also be paid to the cleanliness of large-scale, unexploded ordnance.
On the political front, he has made it clear that the Taliban have almost complete control over power, and that the emergence of armed resistance is due to its exclusion from political participation.
The security situation is becoming increasingly difficult to assess, and attacks against the Taliban leadership by armed opposition groups doubled in May.
The UN Deputy Special Representative said that in the coming months, the United Nations wants to continue promoting political dialogue and inclusion with the Taliban administration.
A woman and her child are being treated for malnutrition in Kunar Province, Afghanistan.
Danger of famine on millions
In Afghanistan, 190 relief organizations are running relief operations, and about half the country’s population, 19 million people, are facing food insecurity. Martin Griffiths, head of emergency relief, said that 6 million of these people are facing emergency food insecurity, the largest number in any country.
Last December, the Security Council passed a resolution paving the way for preventing aid money from falling into the hands of the Taliban and providing relief to Afghan citizens.
He said that humanitarian workers were trying to reach a record number of people, but still had to climb a long hill.
In addition, the administrative agencies at the national and local levels want their role in the selection of beneficiaries, and they are providing relief to those who are at the top of their priority list, distorting promises made to UN officials. Is.
According to Martin Griffiths, the Taliban administration requires humanitarian aid workers to share data and information regarding budgets and staff contracts.
It is proving very difficult for NGOs to employ women in certain positions.
Some women in Herat, Afghanistan, bring food relief supplies from a distribution center. (2021)
He said that this intervention is more than in the past months, and it is resolved through contact and dialogue with the Taliban.
But, after settling one issue, another comes to the fore, which is now causing increasing frustration in relief organizations, communities and local administrations.
Under Secretary General Martin Griffiths outlined the need for funding. Only one-third of the चार 4 billion humanitarian relief plan for Afghanistan has been managed, compared to दो 2.4 billion in March.
He emphasized that this is not the time to be hesitant, as in the absence of intervention, the situation of hunger and malnutrition will get worse and worse, with disastrous consequences.
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